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About leather


Genuine leather – durable and long-life material of animal origin. It is produced in the processing of animal hide, appropriate technology and is used since ancient times.

Natural leather material from hides passes a long and laborious leather-making process. The skin is cleaned, stretched, governed, dried and soaked.

There are a lot of methods of making leather. It depends on the hide and the use of chemicals, and measures. Processing occurs in three stages: preparatory, tanning and finishing. During each stage are performed various physical and chemical operations.
Preparatory operations: removal of a hair, hypodermic and fatty layer, etc.
Tanning – processing by tannins. It’s the most important stage, because after that skin takes resistant and becoming more like natural leather. There are many methods of tanning. Basic methods are: vegetable tanning and mineral tanning. Others: zirconium, aluminium, fatliquoring and combined.
In processing by vegetable tanning are used plant materials, which are in wood, bark and leaves of an oak, a willow, a larch and others. Therefore it is completely natural product of the superior quality. Although vegetable tanning process takes a longer period of time, but the leather is particularly valued due to achieve viability.
In finishing stage leather takes a final appearance and characteristics.
Main natural leather characteristics: flexibility, breathability, rigidity, durability, heat conductivity.

It’s various types of natural leather: upholstery leather, leather for garment, leather for cars, haberdashery, footwear leather, exotic skin.
Upholstery leather. Greater wide leather made of the whole large animal hide under stringent durability requirements.
Leather for garment. It is soft and glossy. Production of this material has to meet high requirements of organoleptic and esthetic. Nowadays production can produce leather with many various colours and ornaments.
Leather for cars. Leather upholstery in cars – for those who like luxury. This leather must be very durable and resistant to: temperature changes, moisture, UV. It can't rupture or excessive wear.
Haberdashery leather. Used cattle and pig hide. Produced belts, bags and various leather accessories. It’s tough leather, which difference is reliably and maximum durable wear-resistant.
Footwear leather. For each part of footwear is used difference leather. Material of genuine leather in upper part must be soft, breathable and stretchy. For lower part is used tough leather – hardly folded and heavy to dart. This leather is produced from cattle, camel, pig, horse hide. Because of specifics of use skin is exposed to special processing to increase its resistance to humidity and mechanical damages. Inside is a very thin leather lining.
Exotic skin – special and very expensive. It’s leather of reptiles, fishes and exotic animals. Recently leather of an eel is especially appreciated. Because it is more durable than leather of cow. Moreover, very soft and smooth – still want to touch and, of course, colours and patterns pleases the eye. Crocodile leather has noble beauty. It’s completely resistant to water and contamination, very durable and elastic.

According to the methods of leather-making process natural leather materials are various, for example: chamois, aniline, semi-aniline, pigmented, nubuck, velour and others.

Goods made of leather – was, are and will be useful, long-life and fashionable.

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